The Weather

. oday—Partly

cloudy

and more

humid. High 90. Maryland and Vir- ginia—Partly cloudy and continued humid. High 8600. Yesterday—High,

88 at 2:55 p. m.; low

, 72 at 7:05 a. m.

Washington Post

COMPLETE

CAPITAL

EDITION

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Phone NA. 4200

The Wa

ight 1951 ington Post Co.

Cap

WEDNESDAY,

AUGUST 15, 19

-

od

1

WTOP AM (1500) FM (96.3) TV (Ch. 9)

FIVE CENTS

U. N. Can’t

‘Slanderers’

As Line, Ridgway Says3In Congress

8th Army ‘Ready, Fit’

Allied Leaders Issue Tough Statements As Talks Drag Out With No Progress

MUNSAN, Korea (Wednes- day), Aug. 15 (4).—Dead- locked Korean armistice talks appeared headed for a new breakdown Tuesday and the United Nations supreme com- mander made a bristling de- mand for a settlement “with honor and without appease- ment.”

Allied and Communist nego- tiators at Kaesong appeared to have almost exhausted their arguments on where to draw a

demarcation line that would stop the Korean war.

Should the talks collapse, the |

U. N. army is “ready and fit” to “clobber” the Reds, its com- mander said.

Another “No Progress” Session

For the fourteenth time no progress was made on the buffer zone at Tuesday’s session, which lasted two hours and 40 minutes. However, the negotiators agreed to meet again at 11 a. m. today

(9 p. m. Tuesday EDT) for the |

twenty-fifth session.

Overshadowing the fruitless twenty-fourth meeting were the remarks Gen. Matthew B. Ridg- way made to correspondents in Tokyo and Gen. James A. Van Fleet, Eighth Army commander made to’ newsmen at Munsan.

Oncé again Ridgway flatly re- jected the Communist demand that a buffer zone be centered on the thirty-eighth parallel.

He pointed out that twice previously—at the start of the Korean war and on New Year’s Eve overwhelming Communist offensives had driven the defend- ers back from that old political boundary. ;

“How could anyone ask us to go back to the same line,” Ridgway asked. “We don’t in- tend to.”

Allies Imply Time Limit

He described the Allied pro- posal for a defensible line based on present battle lines as “sim- ple, straightforward and reason- able.”

The Communists have rejected

rageous,” largely because it lies for the most part north of the thirty-eighth parallel.

Peiping Radio said Tuesday

night “by taking such a prepos- |

terous stand America is refusing

Charator Assassins Denounced in Angry Speech at Legion

Dedication Service

Five Sons at Bedside

newspaper titan and one of the most controversial figures of his time, died yesterday morning at

his Beverly Hills, Calif., man-

sion,

Death came to the 88-year-old founder of a newspaper empire ‘only a day after he sank into a

coma, the Associated Press re-|

ported. He died at 9:50 a. m. Mr.

William R. Hearst, Founder Of News Empire, Dies at 88

William Randolph Hears t,

'

Hearst was in ill health for sey-'|

eral years but retained an active |

interest in his many newspapers.

About four years ago he moved |.

to his last home from his San Simeon estate. At the deathbed were his five

sons, William Randolph Hearst, _jr., George, John, David and ‘Randolph Hearst. Also present were Martin F. Huberth, chair- man of the board of the Hearst Corp., and Richard E. Berlin, 'president of the corporation. His wife, the former Millicent Willson of New York City, joined with her five sons in a statement which said in part:

papers our pledge to continue to operate our father’s publications ‘as he guided us, and our deter- mination to carry on in the tra- dition of his life which was dedi- cated to the service of America

(Partial Text on Page 7) By Alfred Friendly

et 38th Trem Hits Probers Hear o

{ lape

Record

f Admission That Nelson

Post Reporter

speech, President Truman) yesterday made his strongest | counterattack to date against “slandermongers”’ and char-. acter assassins in Congress. |

The President did not mention any names, but it was obvious

In an angry, razor-edged |

that the speech was aimed at}

the whole congressional coterie |

who has espoused mecarthyism.

The President’s blistering de- - |nunciation of those “who have attacked the basic principle of fair play that underlies our Con- stitution” was made in a speech dedicating the new American Legion national headquarters, a splendid building of severe mod- ern design at 1608 K st. nw.

He warned Legionnaires that even “you have no way of tell- ing when some unfounded accu- sation may be hurléd against you, perhaps straight from the halls of Congress.”

| No Illustration Needed®

Detective Ralph Bond (left) testifies yester- day before the Prince Georges County Com-

“Will you please convey to the | readers of the Hearst news-|

i 3 | Underwood & Underwood

| many direct words.

'White House aide commented, no one hearing the addres ‘needed to have it illustrated. Obviously, he was about Sen. Joseph R. McCarthy (R-Wis.). who has engaged in name-calling against State De- partment and high Administra- tion figures ever since February, '1950: and about some of the in- and the best interests of the | discriminate accusers among the American people.” 'members and arot the mtg ; |\Committee on un-American Ac- i Maan de ckeaa tivities and of Senator Pat Mc-

| WILLIAM R. HEARST As he looked at the peak of | eareer in the late 1920's.

War Threat At Peak Now, Wilson Says

| Only U. S. Might Can

Avert It, Businessmen

Told by Defense Chief

such a li “abs %

ine as ‘absurd and out talk,” Wilson said military and Industrial strength is the only language Soviet Russia really

EVANSTON, IIl., Aug. 14 (#.—

| Defense Mobilizer Charles E. Wilson today said the danger of

a third world war is “greater

than ever” and it can be averted

only by building America’s might.

Warning the country against being lulled by Moscow’s “sweet

understands.

Wilson made the statements in an address before the National Institute for Chamber of Com-

See TRUCE, Page 4, Column 5 |merce and Trade Association

Indians Win 12th in Row

The league-leading Cleveland Indians won their twelfth |

straight game yesterday, beating

the Detroit Tigers, 6-5, in 10 in-| nings on a dramatic two-out’

Single by Jim Hegan.

Hutchinson, Bearden (9), Bo owy (10) and Ginsberg; Lemon Gromek (6), Brissie (8) and He- gan. Home runs: Detroit—Kry- hoski, Wetrz; Cleveland—Boone,

| wages. “The dog keeps chasing his|the measure to conference for!

'Executives.

On the domestic front, he said that price-control changes re- cently directed by Congress may mean meat black markets and living-cost boosts of five to eight percent.

Housing Bill.

' i | i

Carran’s (D-Nev.) Senate In- lernal Security subcommittee. At the Capitol, McCarran con- fined his comment-on the speech to the remark, “There are none so blind as those who won’t see.” Said McCarthy, “I would wel-

Set to Pass House Today

GOP Proposal Adopted To Suspend Credit

to make McCarthyism an issue in the (1952) campaign.” He has already hinted he may campaign against Sen. William Benton (D-Conn.), who has asked the Senate to consider expelling Mc- Carthy. .

Theme of the Chief Execu- tive’s speech was the “100 per- cent Americanism” which the Legion, in the preamble of its

Curbs in Some Areas

By Edward F. Ryan

Post Reporter

‘fight on the defense housing bill

} i

House léaders yesterday side-

tracked a threatened ‘constitution, pledges to support.

school | The essence of that idea, Mr.

| Truman suggested, is the protec-

the tion of “the rights and liberties of all our citizens.”

It is just that,

and prepared to measure today.

By narrow margins, Adminis- |

pass

he intimated,

tration forces also headed off! which is being destroyed by peo- | the | ost irresponsible kinds of accu- | other people.” |

“loudly pro-'

all but one of a series of GOP| ple “filling the air” with moves to curtail sharply the | Mo: proposed program of housing’ Sations against and’ commuity services pro-| Those people, vided by the bill. | claiming that they are (Amer- The one Republican proposal |ica’s) chief defenders,” the Pres- which the House adopted, ident said, are the ones who “are offered by Rep. Jesse P. Wolcott Chipping away at our basic free- (R-Mich.) would suspend hous- doms just as insidiously and fat

; : 43 more effectively than the Com- a in critical de munists have been able to do.”

He referred to what they were To Try Again Today doing as “terrible business.” He

Wolcott told reporters he will called on the Legion to expose

He said the ban voted by Con-/|try again today before the House; the ‘rotten motives” of those

gress in the new defense pro- duction act, against Government slaughtering controls may con- centrate meat supply in large packers. This may lead, he said,

finally votes on the bill to re-| who, he said, are trying to divide strict Federally-provided

| That was as close aS he-camé |

talking FY

come it if the President wants |,

com-| the country, confuse the citizens |

missioners (at right). Around the table, from ‘to identifying his target in so) Aeft, are Bond; Mrs. Nannie Wilson, secre- But, as tary of the board of commissioners; Thomas

Hicks, clerk;

- bers:

-

ouse Group Urges Passage

Of Aid Bill

Aid by $651 Million

5 By the UntMed Press The House Foreign Affairs

5

gress to. approv eign. aid bill in the ount of 3$7,848.- 750.000, warning that “there is no time to spare” in preparing Western Europe for a possible Russian attack.

It gpproved the bill last Thurs- day with a cut of: $651,250,000 be- ‘low President Truman’s request.

The committee said the for- eign aid it recommended would do the job if wisely spent, quot- ing General Eisenhower, com- mander of the Atlantic Pact de- fense force, as saying it “will go a long way” toward providing the necessary defenses.

It was disclosed also that Lieut. Gen. Alfred M. Gruenther, Eisenhower's Chief of Staff, had warned the committee in secret session that if Russia attacked Western Europe it “undoubted- ly” would strike simultaneously at the United States to “knock out a good part” of American production.

Bypass State Department

The committee also recom- mended that the aid program be placed under a single adminis- trator, independent of the State Department.

munity services to a specific list.| and “tear up the Bill of Rights. ‘The cuts made were 265 mil-

In its introduction, the Presi-

He tried yesterday to remove} have

from the bill all authority for) dent's speech could not

‘to “local meat famines—which|such services and was beaten been more gracious, in that he | the customer can avoid only by | by a vote of 125 to 122.

paid the highest praise to the

lion dollars in arms, 285 million dollars in European economic aid, and 150 million dollars in economic aid for Asia.

At the same time, Wolcott pre-| American Legion for “wonderful | Efforts will be made to.trim

i'the bill still further on the | House floor, and some Senators |

See AID Page 9, Col. 1

Committee Cuts Allies’

Committee yesterday urged Con-

Miss Bentley Heard in °40s Réds Ran IPR

By Murrey Marder

Post Reporter

Economic and Military’. rlizabeth T: Bentley, former

Communist espionage agent, tes- tified yesterday that she was told in the early 1940s that the Com- ‘munist Party had “control” of |the Institute of Pacific Relations.

She testified to the Senate In-, subcommittee |

ternal Security that her underground “boss” and ‘lover, the late Jacob Golos, 'warned her not to deal with IPR ' because Communists in it were too well known and “too fum- ' bling?

Golos told her, Miss Bentley recounted, that:

“It (IPR) was as red as a rose and you shculdn’t touch it with a 10-foot pole.”

Target of Investigation

Miss Bentley said Mildred Price, a “Communist unit Organizer for the unit operating in the Far Eastern field,” also told her that IPR “was one of our (Communist) organizations in the sense we exercised con- trol over it” through Commu- /nists in it.

IPR, Far Eastern organization founded

research in

Americans aS members’ and officers, is a principal target of Sen. Pat McCarran’s subcom- mittee probe of possible versive influences on Far East- ern policy. Its officers have

denied the IPR has been moti-|

vated by Communist influences.

Miss Bentley’s testimony was given in a gush of names and identifications similar to those ‘which were spread across the Nation’s newspapers three years ago when she appeared as the first in a chain of apostate Com- munist spy-ring agents.

Much of her story yesterday repeated information which the |plump Vassar graduate has

written in the House, will send

Presidential Politics

tail,” Wilson said. “And where it

Simpson. Winning Baewen | oR nobody knows.”

sie. Losing pitcher—Borowy.

New York at WASHINGTON, night. | |

writing of the final version.

Truman, Told He'll Be on Ballot

A major feature of the bill is

| The mobilization chief said the ovision of an additanoil EsAmor | | Soviet haggling and quibbling in | provision of an additional $1,500,- |

Boston at PhildWelphia, night. —- scHeduled). ‘Children Warned NATIONAL LEAGUE

Brooklyn at New York, night Philadelphia at Boston, night Chicago at St. Louis, night. (Only games scheduled),

Hundreds of thousands small fish have been killed in the last 10 days because of foul pollution of the Potomac River.

The dead fish have lined the -\river bank for several miles be-| low the District line. | Similar conditions on the Ana-| icostia have been reported ‘to| the Interstate Commision on the | Potomac River Basin, and are | being investigated by District, Virginia and Maryland author- ities.

Dr. Daniel L. Seckinger, Dis-

trict Health Officer and official of the Interstate Commission, referred to thé Potomac as an “open sewer,” and warned parents not to “permit your children to swim or play in it! at this time of year.”

“Our first report of the whole-

Vacation Bound?

Take your favorite Wash- ington newspaper with you. When you're on_ vacation you ll find the arrival of The Washington Post as welcome as a letter from home. You'll read The Post with as much interest as you read your. personal mail, for local news from the Washington area.

To get Post Vacation De-

See DEFENSE Page 9, Col. 1 | See HOUSING, Page 9, Column 2 In Minnesota Savs Thank Yo | | ear o/

‘Potomac Called ‘Open Sewer, Small Fish Die By Thousands

of; were identified as salt water

perch, small shad and shiners, although I also saw some cat- fish and several bass.”

Cotton reported that tests have shown that the dissolved oxygen in the water where the river passes Washington, has dropped to two parts per mil- lion. Fish require water with four parts of dissolved oxygen per million to thrive, he de- clared,

Samples of the water were taken last Wednesday by Ralph E. Fuhrman of the District Sew- age Disposal Plant and A. H. Paessler, executive Secretary of the Virginia Water Control Board. Fuhrman said the river, from Three Sisters Island to Hallowing Point, two miles be- low the District line, was lined with dead fish.

Yesterday similar conditions were reported from below Fort Foote, and dead fishes were be-

By The Associated Press

| President Truman got word! Douglas asked withdrawal\of yesterday that his name would petitions being circulated jn be entered in the Minnesota Oregon to place his nan in presidential primary which ..+ May's presidential pfimary. comes March 18—second among Monroe Sweetland/ Oregon

the 16 States which choose con- | Lesa. cop BE vention delegates at the polls. (State Democratic Chairman, had

But the President said to Sen. |revealed after a White House Hubert H. Humphrey (D-Minn.) | conference with President Tru- that his decision about his can- | man on Monday that the Doug- ididacy was a bridge to _ be | jas petition was being circulated. crossed “when we come to it.” | Sweetland said he told Mr.

For his part, Sen. Paul H./tryman that there was “over- Douglas (D-Ill.) sent a wire to his | whelming” sentiment among supporters in Oregon asking/Qregon Democrats for him to them to withdraw their petition | cgaek reelection. on his behalf, reiterating that| SGweetland said Mr. Truman he would not be a presidential |jjstened” but gave no hint of his / candidate. | plans. | Humphrey told a reporter he | This byplay brought ‘had informed Mr, Truman dur-jsertion from Senator ing a White House call that his|Brewster (R-Me.) name was to be entered in Min- nesota.

Humphrey reported that the President thanked him. “When I told him, ‘Mr. President, we are expecting you to run and are | : hoping that you will,’ the Presi-| us Truman, the Republicans will dent replied, ‘We'll cross that | beat him with Taft.” bridge when we come to Tg ster’s words.

Humphrey said he also urged | /Mr. Truman to make a tour of | shrugged,

an as- Owen that if the

he wanted the Democratic nomi-

‘pick Senator Robert '(R-Ohio) as his opponent.

grinned,

Hl,

nation, the Republicans would | A. Taft)

Told about the statement, Taft;

'given to various House and Sen- ate committees previously, but ithrough it she threaded some new details.

Later, behind closed doors, she gave information which sub-

See INSTITUTE, Page 11, Col. 6

1925, | and including many prominent |

sub- |

The Washington Post

Calvert Lancaster, assistant

' county attorney, and the five board mem- Ned Waters, (partly hidden), Thomas E. Latimer, Daniel A. Abbott and W. Everett Marton.

H. Wilson Spicknall

House Votes Czech Boycott In Oatis Case

Complete Trade Break Called for Till Prague

' Frees U. 8. Newsman

The House yesterday declared by a 363-1 vote that the United States should break off all com- mercial relations with Czecho- slovakia until William N. Oatis, American newsman, is freed.

The declaration, voicing “pro- found indignation” at the 10-year sentence given Oatis for what the Czechs called espionage, was contained. in a cqncurrent reso- lution that now goes to the Sen- ate.

Before the vote, Administra- tion pressure sidetracked a pro- posed clause in the resolution

that would: have called for the.

State Department to take steps toward severing diplomatic rela- tions with Czechslovakia if Oatis were notereleased within 90 days. Dropped by Armstrong

The proposal for writing this threat into the resolution was dropped by ‘its author, Rep. O. K. Armstrong (R-Mo.), after Admin- istration leaders told him they had the votes to beat it.

Armstrong indicated he want- ed to put the issue of severing diplomatic relations to a vote, but that some supporters of the proposal preferred to drop it in order to obtain passage of the |resolution as a whole

The section declaring “it is the sense of the House” that trade relations between this country and Czechoslovakia be ended at once was the second majer part of Armstrong's pro- posal and-this was adopted by a voice vote.

The Hause resolution called Oatis’ arrest and conviction “a shocking violation of the funda- mental human freedoms guar- anteed in the United Nations Charter.”

It charges that the Czecho- slovak government's treatment of Oatis is a repudiation of the principle of free information. It calls this principle “essential to

' See OATIS, Page 9, Column 1

Was “Tipped’ on Gaming Raid

Amateur Detective’s Sound Machine ‘Traps’ Conversation Of ‘Official,’ He Says Existence of a tape record- ing on which a Prince Georges County “official” admitted that Charles E. Nelson, inves-

‘tor in the Washington area ‘numbers racket, was tipped

off to a police trap, was re-

vealed yesterday. .

The disclosure was the high- light of daylong hearings before | the Prince Georges County Com- missioners. | The recording was made by John William Lewis, electrician ‘turned amateur sleuth in an ef- ‘fort to clear his brother of a _robbery conviction. | Last week, Lewis told Senate crime investigators that he #b- | served auto movements extend- | ing from Nelson's home in | Ritchie, Md., to Nelson’s resort, Uncle Billie’s, at North Beach.

Detectives too Late

He also told of two planned raids by Prince Georges County police. The first, he “said, was called off when detectives | showed up late. The other, in ‘which the suspects showed up \late, later than expected, re- ‘vealed no evidence of numbers operations.

Yesterday, at a hearing grow- ing out of the crime committee, Lewis told the Prinee Georges commissioners: :

“I have information from one of your county officials that the fix was in on the day of the raid. I was told by the county officials that.the numbers were started for the beach, headed off and brought back to D. C., the day of the raid.

“I have a recording of this conversation between men and the county official in the hands of thé Senate Crime Committee”

At the request’of county of- ficials, Lewis asked Sergt. Mur- ray Jackson of the Maryland State police, who js now on the committee staff, to let the com- missioners hear the recording,

The hearings at Upper Marl- boro were recessed to await the arrival of the recording, and-a county - owned machine was brought in to play it back, but Jackson said the committee would not release the recording.

‘Release Delayed } )

Jackson said the recording is part of a continuing investiga- tion and that the committee will not release it until the investi- gation is over.

Jackson said he could not pre- vent Lewis from revealing the contents of the recording, but Lewis did not return to the hear- ing room when the session re- sumed at 3 p. m.

Committee sources revealed that the “officials” mentioned by Lewis is Detective Ralph Bond. They said the recording mentioned names some of them county officials—who were allegedly involved in the tipoff.

The recording also alleges that Nelson knew of a planned raid last Wednesday hours before it was scheduled to come’ off, ac- cording to investigators who said they had heard it.

When the commissioners re- sumed their hearings, Bond

See CRIME, Page 14, Column 1

Mental Hospital

‘D.C. Red Among Them

6 Communist Figures Indicted;

Judge Reduces

BALTIMORE, Aug. 14 \#.—Six Communist + Party figures ar- rested in a roundup last week were indicted today on charges of conspiracy to advocate the overthrow of the Government.

The indictments were handed to Federal Judge W. Calvin Chesnut a few minutes before he began a hearing on a petition for reduction in the $75,000 bond

;

of three of the defendants held}

'

‘iin Baltimore. | President would make it clear} The true bills were returned,

against: Philip Frankfeld of Cleveland,

“If the Democrats will. give |land. | Mrs. were Brew-'wife, also of Cleveland, former granted to these latter three a

party official

Regina Frankfeld, his in District Four.

Mrs. Dorothy Rose Blumberg

livery, merely phone NA-

sale deaths of small fishes came

ing reported further down-|the country this fall, after Con-|

“Tt’s a free world,” said he hadn't | Baltimore. |

Bonds Sizably

organizer and chairman of the party’s District Four.

Maurice Braverman, Balti- more attorney who frequently had appeared in behalf of Com- munists. .

Braverman has fied himself as a Communist. The Government announced, however, that it would show that Braverman is a member and offi- cial of the Communist Party in 'Maryland.

Wood, Meyers and Braverman, |among six ‘arrested in a Com- imunist roundup last week, had

never identi-

| 3 ' ibeen held in $75,000 bond each former party chairman in Mary-|by United States Commissioner

|Ernest Volkart.

| However, Judge Chesnut

reduction in their bonds. Braveér-

man had his bond reduced from ramarked,jof Brooklyn, N. Y., formerly of |$75,000 to $5000. Meyers and |'Wood had their $75,000 bonds

Patient, 78, Dies; Attendant Held

PERRY POINT, Md., Aug. 14 (P—A 7Byearold mental patient died today at the Vet- erans Administration hospital here from injuries the hospital manager said apparently _re- sulted from “mishandling by a hospital aide.”

Dr. Peter A. Pepper, hospital manager, said the aide, Leonard S. Haywood, 33, of Elkton, Md., was taken into custody by the FBI after its investigation. The United States Attorney's. office said Hayweod would be charged with manslaughter.

The patient, Thomas R. Gough of St. Louis, died this morning of injuries received Saturday.

Dr. Pepper said Gough, a patient at the hospital for about 10 years, struck Haywood and that in The fracas that followed, Gough received the _ injuries that contributed to his death.

Today’s Index io

Reshennsensiin Federa! Diary Financial | Obituaries

Pages | B7 B8.12 10, 11

Amusements Classified Columnists

Leroy H. Wood of Washington, |reduced to $20,000 each. D. C.. Communist chairman for Harold Buchman, Baltimore the District of Columbia. ‘attorney, appeared for Meyers George A. Meyers of Balti-|and Braverman. Joseph Forer of

gress completed its work, “and | made up his mind finally wheth- take the fight to the opposition.” |er to run, and added that “Sena-

“He didn’t say he would, but |tor Brewster is entitled to his he didn’t say ‘no,” Humphrey jopinion but he is speaking for

tional 4200 and say, “I want The Post delivered to me on my vacation.”

from the Naval Torpedo Station a week ago,” Edwin R. Cotton, director of the commission said

‘stream. “We're just in the begin- ning of the low water season,” Cotton said. “We can expect

Radio-TV | Sports

Women

Bi4, 15 Crossword Puzzle 17 District Line Bid. Wood. Editorials, Cartoon 10 |

Comics

I

>

reported.

}

| al

yesterday. “I observed hundreds|conditions to continue to get of thousands of them. —s |

A

?

t himself, not me.”

d

more, formerly of Cumbegiand,

Washington represented

»~

WASHINGTON POST

THE ' Wednesday, August 15, 195]

. 6 - Douglas Beaten Again on ‘Pork Barrel’ Slash By the United Press could be eliminated and five that they were vital to national The Senate yesterday twice de-| which could be reduced. | defense.

feated by identical 48-to-28 votes; jp ugias said none of his pro-| Douglas did not neglect his attempts to slash 50 million dol- | : lars off of a $637,278,213 flood|posed reductions -would affect own State, proposing that the control and rivers and harbors | flood control projects, only navi- | $300,000 Illinois waterway be bill. ‘gation programs. He also said | among those projects to be elim-

«~* , .

Record Military Base

Senate Group

Sets Hikes in Postal Rates

By The Associated Press

‘Squeezing’ Needed

Must Bills

Get Priority

Bill Passes House

Nearly a Rout

Dafonders

Senate leaders yesterday stamped “must” on the record $5,780,000,000 military public works bill after the House ap- proved the measure by a vote

A rise from 3 to 4 cents in the postal rate on letters was voted | by the Senate Post Office Com- | mittee yesterday. It is part of a. By the United Press | bill generally increasing postal| The Senate Democratic Policy rates to bring in 363 million dol-|\Committee set up a priority lars more a year in revenue. schedule of legislation yesterday)

On ‘The Hill’

; '

Air mail letters would go from

‘effort to cut “fat”

Sen. Paul H. Dougles (D-IIl.) lost out again on his perennial out of the measure which carries funds for projects in many Congressmen’s home districts. Douglas said he would try to have the bill pared by 25 million dollars.

His unsuccessful effort was |

he would not oppose any proj-

‘ects which might prevent a re-

inated.

The Senate Appropriations

currence of recent Mid-Western Committee added 123 million

floods.

The stiffest opposition came from Sen. Spessard Holland (D- Fla). Three of the _ projects Douglas proposed to eliminate were in Florida and Holland said Douglas failed to understand

dollars to the rivers and harbors

and flood control bill approved by the House. Committee Chair- man Kenneth McKellar (D-Tenn.)

said that $21,215,000 of the in-, crease was for new work in the Missouri River basin.

to be acted on before Congress supported by 11 Democrats and | adjourns on a date tentatively 17 Republicans opposed it. set as October 1. ng Dag = gy a mo- | satis ,'tion by Sens. Homer Ferguson | Merarpcratic sceder Ernest W. (R-Mich.) and Styles Bridges (R-| i ¢, said several bills N.H.)t d the bill back to the | lly classed as “major” willl <0 ernona Commitins arith normally J vill! Appropriations Committee with | have small chance of passing instructions to cut it by 50 mil-| this session unless they can be)jion dollars. Douglas’ proposal | squeezed between “must” legis- differed from this in that he lation. : specified the_projects he wanted | The policy group met yester- trimmed. | day to put second priority labels{ The Illinois Democrat ap-| on such measures as_ Alaskan pealed to the Senate to curb the and Hawaiian statehood, tide- “undue appetite for appropria- | lands oil, postal rate increases, tions’ of the Army Corps of federal pay boosts, abolition of Engineers; which handles most the RFC, airmail subsidies, a of the projects in the bill. He long-range shipping program suggested 13 projects which and a few others. | The “must” list comprises ap-

6 to 8 cents. Parcel post (fourth class) charges also would in- crease.

_ The rate rise bill, previously approved on July 19, was amend- *ed to include an increase in rates on fourth-class matter. This, in ‘effect, restores to Congress the | rate-making authority on fourth- ‘class mail—taking it away trom \the Postmaster General and the 'Interstate Commerce Commis- sion.

The committee also approved, as a separate measure, a bill to ‘limit the size and weight of par- cel post packages. It was gen- erally conceded this might result in a loss of revenue to the Post Office Department by diversion of larger packages to express propriations, foreign aid, mili- handling, although no estimate |tary construction and taxes. of the amount has been made. | McFarland said the House-ap-

The postal rate increase Dill! proved resolution to formally provides, in general, as follows: | ang the war with Germany will

First class—Postal cards would be taken up as soon as it is a require 2 cents instead of 1 cent,| \-oved by the Senate Poreian ew matter by whom sent (as Relations Committee. The for-

of 352 to 5.

The -bill calls for a _ billion- dollar chain of overseas air bases in striking range of Russia as well as for development of} protective fighter air bases near many big industrial cities in this country. Location of the over- seas bases is secret, but many of them are expected to be in and around Western Europe.

Are Mauled

| e: In War Games

‘WITH “AGGRESSOR”"! FORCES IN NORTH CARO- * BINA, Aug. 14 “?.—“Aggressor”® | armored units with supporting) infantry mauled the United States infantry badly today and! Nearly one third of a billion| if the umpires hadn't stepped in,/dollars of it is for military, the Carolina war games might |24val and Air Force works in have been turned into a rout. |™aryland, Virginia and the Dis-

The “Aggressor” was supposed | ‘Ct. ete to Jose today, according to the|_ Senate Majority Leader Army’s master plan for “Opera- | Ernest W. McFarland (D-Ariz.) | tion Southern Pines.” But the told reporters that the bill; seasoned troops making up the would certainly be included “Invader” units drove forward.|2mong the major -measures

° Utah Convicts -In- the day’s major engage-|Which the Senate would clear |

ment, the 82d Airborne Divi-| before it wound up its business. | | originally approved postals sent eign aid bill should be ready for

sion’s 714th Tank Battalion, sup-| He is aiming at an adjournment | O t As H stave Dy BOn-Pepet organizations the Senate about next Tuesday, Federal Government says it will

ported by companies of the 504th | by October 1. ; Airborne Infantry, tried futilely| It is a record high in con-

POINT-OF - THE-MOUNTAIN, | would have remained at 1 cent); Le | | Utah, Aug. 14 (#. Inmates |3-cent letters would be increased o said, and the tax bill August| fight the battle of the Marshall) | -housewives every three months

toseize Gaddy’s Mountain for |Struction bills for this country) il | ; air mail letters from seized the acting warden and a |‘ 4 cents; a Sacrinét entire % een s ses, . e seen SUFPTISES,| if. necessary.

the U. S. forces. The mountain |i" either peace or war, and is to| '6 to 8 cents; air mail postal cards that would leave less than one

is about séven miles west of the | oe sor agpnenase the tool Fort Bragg cantonment. imi 1i0on-man arme orces p an- _ | guard at the State prison today | > 0) 4°16 § cents, and drop let-

Associated Press Wirephoto

Wayne Hoobler, a. guard at Utah State Prison, holds a chain he wrested from an inmate there yesterday. Hoob- ler said the man struck him with it several times during fight.

cen A

Tax Collectors Set for Fight With

Texas Housewives DALLAS, Aug. 14 (. The |

~The United States forces were ned. It represents a one-year able to beat back “aggressors,” | PTO8ra™ tor. the Army and the

defenses, which were led by a| \@¥¥; and a two-year program battalion of Third Armored pee the Air Force.

Cavalry, only after the umpire,|,.¢ the Alt Force, $3,543,061,-; Col. Horace Charles Parker, | 920 is authorized, mainly to im- Hampton, S. C., ordered the Sodithie rang : ae Srey | 4 acilities mee e needs of'| en ener OF the hill. jet aircraft. The Army authori-|

He got stiff protests from Aggressor units commanded zation totals $1,423,791,028; and | be ded. by the Navy authorization $801,-|

Capt. Felix Garcia. Mercedes, | 560 000 Tex,. but Parker was adamant. setednds ° Projects authorized would be

Brig. Gen. Henry J. D. Meyer, | . former twenty-fourth division covered by separate appropria- tions. |

artillery commander in Korea a ' who is now commanding the| Funds for the, Washington area authorized in the bill in-,

aggressor, ordered an immedi- clude $890,800 for the Army)

ate counter-atack within an : one hour. the aggressor had bumped Medical Center to install utili- ties and other improvements;

;

and unlocked cells of a score of other prisoners.

About 25 prisoners, protesting against being confined in a segre- gation cellblock, held Weston E. Haslam, acting warden since last Friday, and Guard Edward A. Schmidt as hostages.

State Highway Joseph E. Dudler told reporters:

“T am really alarmed. We have a couple of boys in there who are pretty dangerous, and they are letting it be known,

“They feel they want to be hard for the reason they are in grade (segregation). They want

‘a promise of no reprisal for this |

incident now. They want the

Patrol Supt.)

month for the other “must” measures—and the betting was about 2 to 1 Congress would not meet the October 1 target date. the third year, or a total of 30, McFarland said he was not too percent over three years in-;members in Washington after stead of 100 percent as originally |the “must” list goes through, so proposed. | ‘there appeared to be small Third class—Two cents for. the chance this session for the sec- first two ounces and 1 cent for ondary bills. Congress will re- each additional ounce up to eight assemble in early January, when ounces, except that the rate on the measures may. again be books, catalogs, seed, cutting, scheduled for consideration. _bulbs, roots and plants not ex-| While the Senate is bogged ceeding eight ounces would be down from the many investiga- 2 cents for the first two ounces tions held this year, the House and 142 for each additional two js jn good shape: Speaker Sam ‘ounces. For bulk mailings the Rayburn, (D-Tex.) said the House |present $10 annual fee is re- <hould be able to take a two- ' tained. week recess starting late next

ters from 1 to 2 cents.

Second class—Rates would be raised 10 percent the first, 10 per- cent the second and 10 percent

“We'll go back again if necés- sary,” Ellis Campbell, jr., head of the Dallas office of the United | States Internal Revenue Bureau, | said today.

Earlier this month, Treasury agents, armed with seizure war- rants, levied against bank ac- counts of 13 Marshall house-; wives who had refused to collgct | and pay social security taxes on their servants’ wages. |

They collected the taxes, plus penalties, due April 30 for the